Introduction
Geology
THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE YORKSHIRE WOLDS

By Stephen Harrison, BA, MPil Phd, Consultant Archaeologist
Pathaeolithic
Mesolithic
Neolithic
Bronze Age
Iron Age
Romano-British
Anglo-Saxon
Viking
Medieval
Early Modern
Modern

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Main Index

INTRODUCTION

The present-day landscape of the Yorkshire Wolds, forming an unambiguously definable area, has been shaped by man's activities, influenced by geological and topographical constraints, over the last 10,000 years.Today, the Wolds form an essentially agricultural region; enclosed farmland and isolated farmsteads, surrounded by shelter belts, and numerous plantations form the most distinctive elements of today's landscape.



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Distributions of Neolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age and Romano-British sites extend across the entire Wolds in profusion. These early landscapes were modified by medieval settlement and agrarian patterns, which were, in turn, swept away by the parliamentary enclosures of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Urban growth in the region has been limited to the development of Bridlington, Driffield, Market Weighton and Pocklington as market and service centres. The remainder of the population lives, predominantly, in small nucleated villages of historic-period origins.

Pathaeolithic c.250,000 - 8,300 BC
Mesolithic c.8,300 - 4,000 BC
Neolithic c.4,000 - 2,000 BC
Bronze Agec.2,000 - 800 BC
Iron Agec.800 BC - AD 71
Romano-British c.AD 71 - 410
Anglo-Saxon and Vikingc.AD 410 - 1066
Medieval c.AD 1066 - 1540
Early Modernc.1600 -1800
Modern c.1800 to the present day

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